Received Oct 8; Accepted Dec Thematic analysis was used to identify four dominant themes in interviews conducted with the participants.
Hispanics in a Multicultural Society: A New American Dilemma? Camarillo and Frank Bonilla As the twenty-first century dawns, and as the U. Bureau of the Census USBC prepares for another decennial snapshot of demographic change in American society, the population enumeration for the year is certain to reveal the continuation of dramatic shifts in U.
The multiethnic and multiracial character of the nation is accelerating at a pace even more rapid than many demographers had projected. The most recent projections from USBC confirm the population increases of American minority groups, in particular that of Hispanics. But what will it mean for this highly diverse group to become the largest minority in the United States?
In the early twenty-first century, will patterns of residential, occupational, educational, and other measures of mobility resemble those of the great waves of immigrants from Europe and their offspring in the early twentieth century? Inin An American Dilemma: A New American Dilemma?.
The National Academies Press.
Will a new American dilemma characterize growing sectors of the Hispanic and Black populations, cut off from economic opportunity and meaningful participation in the civic life of the nation in the twenty-first century Bonilla, ? The status of Hispanics is a mixed bag, with signs of group progress matched by signs of decline and stagnation.
Some Hispanics are achieving impressive upward socioeconomic gains, having successfully climbed the ladder of occupational and geographic mobility to better jobs and better homes in safer neighborhoods.
Others languish in deepening chasms of poverty and despair, seemingly trapped in urban barrios increasingly isolated geographically from opportunities in the larger society. The changing dynamics of U. Among the many benchmarks that have influenced the course of history for Hispanics in the United States, two stand out as being particularly important—the Mexican-American War in and the Spanish-American War in These events set the stage for the incorporation of Spanish-speaking peoples from Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Cuba into the United States, and, at the same time, established economic, political, and international diplomatic relations that later played a great role in the migration and immigration of millions of Spanish-surnamed people to the United States.
Throughout the past years, U. With the exception of the Great Depression years, immigration from Mexico was continuous throughout the twentieth century, swelled the ranks of existing Mexican American communities, and spawned the development of newer communities in the Southwest and elsewhere Gutierrez, Although the manner of incorporation into the United States was different for both Puerto Ricans and Cubans, a war—the Spanish-American War—also set in motion forces that later propelled millions of people from those islands to U.
The United States acquired Puerto Rico from Spain in and established a colonial relationship with the island. Puerto Ricans were not accorded the status of U.
InPuerto Rico was accorded commonwealth status, a development that did not appreciably change the status of the island and its people as possessions of the United States. A few years after military occupation of the island inthe United States turned over control to the Cubans.
With the exception of the first wave of immigrants from Cuba, the historical legacies of the wars in and —conquest, racial and class subordination, colonialism, and economic interdependency—created political, economic, and social patterns for Mexicans and Puerto Ricans that persisted into the late twentieth century.
As racialized minorities in American society, most Hispanics share a dubious distinction with other U. Generalizations of this type, however, must be considered in light of significant differences between each Hispanic subgroup.
Because of the enormous diversity within this broadly defined group, any Page Share Cite Suggested Citation:A significant number of people disagree with promoting multiculturalism in areas, such as employment programs, that encourage hiring people from varied racial and ethnic backgrounds.
Forty-four percent of Americans believe that immigrants are a burden on the country in the areas.
The rise of populist nationalism on the right is paralleled by the rise of multicultural globalism on the center-left. For multicultural globalists, national boundaries are increasingly obsolete.
A significant number of people disagree with promoting multiculturalism in areas, such as employment programs, that encourage hiring people from varied racial and ethnic backgrounds.
Forty-four percent of Americans believe that immigrants are a burden on the country in the areas. We have become, to an extent unimaginable when the very first wave of post-war immigrants began arriving in , a multicultural country.
And we mostly rub along well enough. Few countries take multiculturalism as seriously as Korea caninariojana.com most countries have vague and ambiguous multicultural policies consisting of either forcing immigrants to assimilate to the. The appeal of the populists has grown with mounting public discontent over the status quo.
In the West, many people feel left behind by technological change, the global economy, and growing.