One of the major factors driving the growth of the global market is the growing automotive production Asia-Pacific and Europe, especially in countries, such as India, United Kingdom, Italy, France, and Indonesia.
Technology Technological advancements in the lubrication industry are changing the shape of the lubrication landscape dramatically. In the past, additive developments drove most major shifts in the industry.
More recently, improvements in base stocks have been a key catalyst. The ongoing quest for better quality, better performing, longer-lasting lubricants has led to dramatically improved refining processes and a broader, more diverse array of base stocks than the world has ever seen. The coexistence of petroleum and synthetic products, while offering greater freedom of choice to lubricant users, has created somewhat of a competitive environment within the industry, encouraging even more product improvements.
And the quest continues. Refinements In Refining For much of the 20th century, base oils primarily were manufactured from crude oil through solvent refining, and many still are.
The process involves using chemical solvents to remove aromatics, and using additional solvents to remove wax. Aromatics are highly reactive components that tend to promote oxidation and shorten oil life. They also can make oil viscosity more sensitive to temperature changes, potentially inhibiting fluid performance in applications where temperatures are extreme or shift widely.
Some aromatics, wax, sulfur and other impurities typically remain in the fluid. Generally, solvent-refined base oils are approximately 70 to 85 percent pure and, as such, have high volatility and poor oxidative stability.
Beginning in the s, hydroprocessing technologies dramatically improved base-oil purification and performance. One of these technologies, called two-stage hydrocracking, utilizes high-pressure hydrogen to break down most or all of the aromatic molecules in the oil, reforming them into preferred chemical structures.
It also removes virtually all sulfur and nitrogen from the oil. Because hydrocracking does not address wax, a separate dewaxing process must be used, such as these methods introduced in the s: Catalytic dewaxing — a catalyst breaks wax molecules into other products such as diesel fuel Hydroisomerization — wax molecules are transformed into high-quality base oil Modern hydroisomerization technologies became widely accepted and used as of the s, leading to an abundance of base oils that, compared to Group I solvent-refined oils, offer several advantages including: The higher purity means these base oils contain fewer oxidation byproducts, so therefore: Viscosity is better preserved Additives in the formulated, finished products do not deplete as quickly The oil has a longer life The API created new classifications for these much more highly refined base oils: In North America from tothe number of plants producing Group I base stock declined by about two-thirds, as did the total quantity of Group I base stock they collectively produced during that period.
Group I base oils simply cannot be used in most lubricants designed for modern passenger-car and diesel-truck applications. Although Group I base stocks are still widely used in numerous industrial applications, many facilities that could use Group I have shifted to Groups II and III, due in large part to changing supply levels: Since then, they have branched out and are now typically used in formulations for air compressor lubricants, gear lubricants, automotive engine oils, transmission fluids and more.
Until recently, Group IV base stocks outperformed other base oils in key properties such as viscosity index, oxidative stability, volatility and pour point. Technology has altered that trend: Modern manufacturing techniques and newer advanced additives have improved those properties for modern Group III base oils so they now can rival — and, in some cases, outperform — Group IV base stocks.
Base Stock Developments Influence Additive And Blending Technologies Successful lubricant formulation requires precise blending of the right base stock s and additives.
A change in base stock will affect the behavior of additives used in a lubricant formulation. However, the enhanced hydrotreatment process that creates Group II and III base stocks also diminishes their ability to solubilize additives. It also removes natural inhibitors, impacting additive response.
The lubricant industry tackles these and similar concerns by continually developing new additives and redefining blending strategies e.
In expert hands, state-of-the-art formulation techniques can overcome evolving lubrication obstacles and produce optimal results.Food Processing Technology is using cookies.
We use them to give you the best experience. If you continue using our website, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on this website. Lubrita is an independent company that has been manufacturing and blending lubricants in Europe, with a production capacity of as high as , tons of finished lubricants a year.
A lubricant is a substance, usually organic, introduced to reduce friction between surfaces in mutual contact, which ultimately reduces the heat generated when the surfaces move.
It may also have the function of transmitting forces, transporting foreign particles, or heating or cooling the surfaces. The property of reducing friction is known as lubricity.
Industrial Lubricants Market Overview. The global industrial lubricants market is estimated to account for $48, million in and is projected to witness a CAGR of % between to Global Beauty & Personal Care Products market is anticipated to grow at % CAGR during the forecast period of The base year considered for the market study is and the forecasted period is between and Technology Trends in Lubricants Market | Insights and Trends Ganesh Rajput May 18, 0 According to a recently released research study by Transparency Market Research (TMR), the global lubricants market is estimated to grow at a CAGR of % between the years and