Each of these three branches study Public Administration from a different perspective. These types of theories are some of the ways which an administrator can understand and exercise their duties as a public administrator. In the United States, Woodrow Wilson is known as 'The Father of Public Administration'having written "The Study of Administration" inin which he argued that a bureaucracy should be run like a business. Wilson promoted ideas like merit-based promotions, professionalization, and a non-political system.
Bureaucratic Theory of Public Administration Bureaucratic Theory of Public Administration The bureaucratic theory of public administration owes its existence to Max Weber and his magnum opus Economy and Society published in It was Weber who popularized the term and in his book gave a glimpse of the extensive research he had carried out by studying ancient and modern states to understand the working of the bureaucracies in different eras.
Max Weber was a German political economist, philosopher and a social scientist who along with Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx is considered to be one of the three founding pillars of sociology. Weber was a student of law and history throughout his career and later joined the Berlin University as a faculty and lectured and consulted for the Government.
Weber was greatly influenced by the Neo-Kantianism wave that swept Germany during the s. Heinrich Rickert the foremost scholars of Neo-Kantianism in Germany was a professional colleague of Weber in the University of Freiburg. The Neo-Kantianism or the Back to Kant movement of s was to revisit the theories of Immanual Kant the most important and influential of German philosophers and scholars of the 18th century.
The scope of this article is limited to throw light on Kant and his philosophies however it is advisable to the readers to read a little about Kant and his work to get a better understanding regarding Neo-Kantianism. Influenced by Heinrich Rickert and Kant, Weber came to a central core of his theories and that was Rationalization.
Weber promulgated rationalization in all areas of life like economy, politics, society, culture and even religion. He went on further to say that Rationalization was the basis of the modern western society.
In his seminal work Economy and Society, Weber goes to extreme lengths to trace the evolution of bureaucracy and the State and their relations with each other.
He cites the Chinese and the African empires that degenerated because of the lack of bureaucracy and methods of administration and the ancient Roam Empire which disintegrated because of increasing bureaucratization.
According to Weber, the need for bureaucratization in the ancient empire state arises from the maintenance of armies, public finances and most importantly power and politics. In the modern times however, the complexity within the civilization is ever increasing and therefore the demands from the administration are also getting complex.
Weber also emphasizes the importance of communication in running the bureaucracy of a State and adds that they act as pacemakers and are the prerequisites of the possibility of bureaucratic administration.
Trained bureaucracy is superior to other kinds of administration in many ways like efficiency, accuracy or precision, unity, discretion, continuation, cost and reducing overall friction in the government functioning.
Weber went on to characterize a bureaucratic state by certain behavioral and structural features like:Max Weber was the first to observe and write on bureaucracies which developed in Germany during the 19th century.
He considered them to be efficient, rational and honest, a big improvement over the haphazard administration that they replaced. What are the main functions of bureaucracy in public administration?
Update Cancel. In theory, the bureaucracy is expected to administer the will of the regime, be it democratically elected or enacted through force. The role of “rationalization,” discussed at length by Max Weber (discussed in other answers) is an important part of.
This may explain why public administration, unlike some social sciences, developed without much concern about an encompassing theory. Not until the midth century and the dissemination of the German sociologist Max Weber’s theory of bureaucracy was there much interest in .
The panel invites papers dealing with the theoretical values, the historical heritage of Max Weber, outlining challenges and criticism on his theory, looking for opportunities for a pragmatic application of Weberian sociology to contemporary issues in politics and public administration.
Public Administration theory is derived from several contemporary theory building tools such as Max Weber's Ideal type method.
Theories are also derived from studies of evolving governments around the world, such as China's expanding bureaucracy. Apr 18, · This is also known as the bureaucratic theory of management, bureaucratic management theory or the Max Weber theory. He believed bureaucracy was the most efficient way to set up an organisation, administration and caninariojana.coms: