Check new design of our homepage! Life in the 13 American Colonies The colonial period of America began in the 17th century. The revolutionary war marked the end of the colonial period. All the 13 colonies together formed the United States of America on 4th July,
After European explorers had sailed up and down the Atlantic coast of North America English, Dutch and French settlers followed in the 17th and 18th centuries. The English founded the first permanent settlement in America in The colony was named after the English king, James I.
The first colonists hoped to find gold in the New World and to get rich quickly. But the settlers had many problems during the first winters and hardly managed to survive. In a second group of colonists, the Pilgrims, left England on the Mayflower.
Other English colonies sprang up all along the Atlantic coast, from Maine to Georgia. In Dutch settlers founded a settlement along the mouth of the Hudson River.
They called it New Amsterdam. About forty years later English settlers drove the Dutch away and renamed the town New York. In the 18 th century more and more colonists arrived in the New World. Conflicts arose between the English and the French colonists who founded settlements in Canada, in the St.
This led to a war between England and France in the middle of the 18 th century. By there were 13 English colonies in North America. They were divided into three groups: The New England Colonies: Some only had a small area of farming land in Europe and expected to get bigger farms in America.
Others were fed up with wars and rebellions that went on in Europe and made it unstable. They wanted peace and a quiet life. Another group thought it was easy to make money and get rich quickly in America. Farmers in the south saw a chance to earn a lot by growing and selling tobacco.
But most people came for religious reasons. Many European kings and queens forced their people to have the same religion that they had.
Most settlers came to America because they wanted religious freedom. Colonists and the Native Americans When the first Europeans came to America Indians had already been living there for many centuries.
At first the Indians were friendly. They taught the colonists how to grow crops and survive the harsh winters. As time went on, the Indians saw that the growing number of colonists needed more land and wanted to expand to the west. They pushed them westward and took away more and more of their land.
Economy of Colonial America The American colonies were farming land. Colonists grew their own food, basically corn and wheat. They raised cattle that gave them meat, milk and butter and kept chicken and sheep. They also went hunting and fishing.
In New England farms had little land but in the southern colonies farms were much bigger.The colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware became the first melting pot of people, religion, and ideas in North America.
The people settling here were tolerant of each other and were allowed religious freedoms unlike the New England Colonies. Jun 17, · That story is incomplete–by the time Englishmen had begun to establish colonies in earnest, there were plenty of French, Spanish, Dutch and even Russian colonial outposts on the American continent–but the story of those 13 colonies (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, .
Start studying The Thirteen Colonies: Life in the Colonies. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Thesis: The 13 original colonies in the US is important in the American history because of the culture, historical events and the war of independence/ declaration of independence.
Introduction: History is the beginning of the present and the future, without the 13 original colonies, America would not be the same. In the richer colonies of the South most children were taught at home by private teachers.
Wealthy families sent older children back to Europe to study at colleges and universities.
In , the first university, Harvard, was founded in America. Life in the Middle Colonies. Life in the middle colonies took on aspects of both the North and the South.
Like the North, many immigrants came in family units.