The Nazi Party was a political party in Germany between and According to Joseph Goebbels in an official explanation of Nazism, the synthesis of the words nationalism and socialism was to "counter the Internationalism of Marxism with the nationalism of a German Socialism". Unlike Drexler and other party members, Hitler was less interested in the "socialist" aspect of "national socialism" beyond moving Social Welfare administration from the Church to the State. For Hitler the twin goals of the party were always German nationalist expansionism and antisemitism.
Definition[ edit ] The term Neo-Nazism describes any post- World War II militant, social or political movements seeking to revive the ideology of Nazism in whole or in part. Holocaust denial is a common feature, as is the incorporation of Nazi symbols and admiration of Adolf Hitler.
Neo-Nazism is considered a particular form of far-right politics and right-wing extremism. Esoteric Nazism Neo-Nazi writers have posited a spiritual, esoteric doctrine of racewhich moves beyond the primarily Darwinian -inspired materialist scientific racism popular mainly in the Anglosphere during the 20th century.
Figures influential in the development of neo-Nazi racism,[ citation needed ] such as Miguel Serrano and Julius Evola writers who are described by critics of Nazism such as the Southern Poverty Law Center as influential within what it presents as parts of "the bizarre fringes of National Socialism, past and present" claim that the Hyperborean ancestors of the Aryans were in the distant past, far higher beings than their current state, having suffered from "involution" due to mixing with the "Telluric" peoples; supposed creations of the Demiurge.
Within this theory, if the "Aryans" are to return to the Golden Age of the distant past, they need to awaken the memory of the blood.
An extraterrestrial origin of the Hyperboreans is often claimed. These theories draw influence from Gnosticism and Tantrismbuilding on the work of the Ahnenerbe.
Within this racist theory, Jews are held up as the antithesis of nobility, purity and beauty. Ecology and environmentalism[ edit ] History[ edit ] Germany and Austria —s[ edit ] Following the defeat of Nazi Germanythe political ideology of the ruling party, Nazism, was in complete disarray.
He died on 2 May during the Battle of Berlinbut the Soviet Union did not reveal his death to the rest of the world, and his ultimate fate remained a mystery for many years. Conspiracy theories emerged about Hitler himself, that he had secretly survived the war and fled to South America or elsewhere.
A process of denazification began, and the Nuremberg trials took place, where many major leaders and ideologues were condemned to death by Octoberothers committed suicide. It Otto Ernst Remerleader of the postwar Socialist Reich Party In both the East and West, surviving ex-party members and military veterans assimilated to the new reality and had no interest in constructing a "neo-Nazism.
West Germany adopted a similar law to target parties it defined as anti-constitutional; Article 21 Paragraph 2 in the Basic Lawbanning the Socialist Reich Party in for being opposed to liberal democracy. As a consequence some members of the nascent movement of German neo-Nazism joined the Deutsche Reichspartei of which Hans-Ulrich Rudel was the most prominent figure.
Younger members founded the Wiking-Jugend modeled after the Hitler Youth. In the s she wrote a number of books, such as Pilgrimagewhich concerns prominent Third Reich sites, and The Lightning and the Sunin which she claims that Adolf Hitler was an avatar of the God Vishnu.
She was not alone in this reorientation of National Socialism towards its Thulean -roots; the Artgemeinschaftfounded by former SS member Wilhelm Kusserow, attempted to promote a new paganism. It reached out to those attracted by the Nazi Party before and provide them with a political outlet, so that they would not be tempted to support the far-right again or turn to the anti-communist Western Allies.
While in Austria, former SS member Wilhelm Lang founded an esoteric group known as the Vienna Lodge ; he popularised nazism and occultism such as the Black Sun and ideas of Third Reich survival colonies below the polar ice caps. With the onset of the Cold War the allied forces had lost interest in prosecuting anyone as part of the denazification.
InStrasser founded the German Social Union as a Black Front successor, promoting a Strasserite "nationalist and socialist" policy, which dissolved in due to lack of support.
However, they did not claim to be attempting to restore National Socialism, instead working with the social democrats and Christian democrats. Many bureaucrats who served under the Third Reich continued to serve in German administration after the war. According to the Simon Wiesenthal Centermany of the more than 90, Nazi war criminals recorded in German files were serving in positions of prominence under Chancellor Konrad Adenauer.leader of the fascist National Socialist German Workers' Party (known as Nazis) in Germany called Der Fuhrer the leader.
emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. When Hitler became chancellor of Germany in , the Nazi Party became the only legal party and an instrument of Hitler's absolute rule the doctrine that your national.
National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP-Nazi) The National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP-Nazi), founded in as the German Workers party, began its move toward prominence when Adolf Hitler emerged as its principal speaker and leader. The "Nazi" Party STARTED OUT as the National Socialist German Workers Party, with a left-leaning, socialist bent.
That is, until it enrolled "Member Number 7," aka Adolf Hitler, who had other ideas. "Between and , the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP=National-sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, or “Nazi” Party for short) became .
The following year, the party changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (National-Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei–NSDAP). Its members were known as Nazis, a term derived from the German pronunciation of “National.”.
Leipzig were their position against National Socialist incursions. though there is a slight positive correlation between the percentage of employed workers and the size of .